Forms of Massage
How Strong Is the Scientific Evidence for Massage Therapy?
Massage for Low Back Pain
Other Potential Uses of Massage
- Attention deficit disorder (ADD)
- Eating disorders (eg, anorexia nervosa, bulimia
- Asthma in children
- Cystic fibrosis
- Mental health conditions (eg, depression, anxiety)
- Iliotibial band pain (a form of tendonitis that can cause knee or hip pain)
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Migraine headaches
- Pregnancy and childbirth
- Quitting smoking
- Spinal cord injury
- Cancer (symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment)
How to Choose a Massage Therapist
American Massage Therapy Association http://www.amtamassage.org
Massage Therapy Foundation http://www.massagetherapyfoundation.org/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html/
Massage Therapy http://www.massage.ca/
Birk TJ, McGrady A, MacArthur RD, et al. The effects of massage therapy alone and in combination with other complementary therapies on immune system measures and quality of life in human immunodeficiency virus. J Altern Complement Med . 2000;6:405-414.
Brattberg G. Connective tissue massage in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Eur J Pain . 1999;3:235-244.
Brosseau L, Casimiro L, Milne S, et al. Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2002;(1):CD003528.
Chang MY, Wang SY, Chen CH. Effects of massage on pain and anxiety during labour: a randomized controlled trial in Taiwan. J Adv Nurs . 2002;38:68-73.
Cherkin DC, Eisenberg D, Sherman KJ, et al. Randomized trial comparing traditional Chinese medical acupuncture, therapeutic massage, and self-care education for chronic low back pain. Arch Intern Med . 2001;161:1081–1088.
Cherkin DC, Sherman KJ, Kahn J, et al. A comparison of the effects of 2 types of massage and usual care on chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(1):1-9.
Diego MA, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. HIV adolescents show improved immune function following massage therapy. Int J Neurosci . 2001;106:35-45.
Diego MA, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Spinal cord patients benefit from massage therapy. Int J Neurosci . 2002;112:133-142.
Eliott MA, Taylor LP. "Shiatsu sympathectomy": ICA dissection associated with a shiatsu massager. Neurology . 2002;58:1302-1304.
Field T, Henteleff T, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Children with asthma have improved pulmonary functions after massage therapy. J Pediatr . 1998;132:854–858.
Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, Hart S, et al. Pregnant women benefit from massage therapy. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol . 1999;20:31–38.
Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, LaGreca A, et al. Massage therapy lowers blood glucose levels in children with Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Spectrum . 1997;10:237–239.
Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, Seligman S, et al. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: benefits from massage therapy. J Pediatr Psychol . 1997;22:607–617.
Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, Taylor S, et al. Labor pain is reduced by massage therapy. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol . 1997;18:286–291.
Field T, Lasko D, Mundy P, et al. Brief report: autistic children's attentiveness and responsivity improve after touch therapy. J Autism Dev Disord . 1997;27:333–338.
Field T, Morrow C, Valdeon C, et al. Massage reduces anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric patients. Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry . 1992;31:125–131.
Field T, Peck M, Krugman S, et al. Burn injuries benefit from massage therapy. J Burn Care Rehabil . 1998;19:241–244.
Field T, Schanberg S, Kuhn C, et al. Bulimic adolescents benefit from massage therapy. Adolescence . 1998;33:555–563.
Field TM, Quintino O, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder benefit from massage therapy. Adolescence . 1998;33:103–108.
Franke A, Gebauer S, Franke K, et al. Acupuncture massage vs Swedish massage and individual exercise vs group exercise in low back pain sufferers—a randomized controlled clinical trial in a 2 x 2 factorial design [in German; English abstract]. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd . 2000;7:286–293.
Furlan AD, Brosseau L, Imamura M, et al. Massage for low-back pain: a systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane Collaboration Back Review Group. Spine . 2002;27:1896–1910.
Furlan AD, Imamura M, Dryden T, Irvin E. Massage for low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;CD001929.
Hart S, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Anorexia nervosa symptoms are reduced by massage therapy. Eating Disorders: Journal of Treatment and Prevention . 2001;9:217–228.
Hernandez-Reif M, Deiter J, Field T, et al. Migraine headaches are reduced by massage therapy. Int J Neurosci . 1998;96:1–11.
Hernandez-Reif M, Feld T, Hart S. Smoking cravings are reduced by self-massage. Prev Med . 1999;28:28–32.
Hernandez-Reif M, Field T, Krasnegor J, et al. Children with cystic fibrosis benefit from massage therapy. J Pediatr Psychol . 1999;24:175–181.
Hernandez-Reif M, Martinez A, Field T, et al. Premenstrual symptoms are relieved by massage therapy. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol . 2000;21:9–15.
Irnich D, Behrens N, Molzen H, et al. Randomised trial of acupuncture compared with conventional massage and sham laser acupuncture for treatment of chronic neck pain. BMJ . 2001;322:1–6.
Ironson G, Field T, Scafidi F, et al. Massage therapy is associated with enhancement of the immune system's cytotoxic capacity. Int J Neurosci. 1996;84:205–217.
Kutner JS, Smith MC, Corbin L, et al. Massage therapy versus simple touch to improve pain and mood in patients with advanced cancer: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2008;149:369-379.
Offenbacher M, Stucki G. Physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 2000;113:78–85.
Oleson T, Flocco W. Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. Obstet Gynecol . 1993;82:906–911.
Preyde M. Effectiveness of massage therapy for subacute low-back pain: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ . 2000;162:1815–1820.
Schachner L, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Atopic dermatitis symptoms decreased in children following massage therapy. Pediatr Dermatol . 1998;15:390–395.
Smith WA. Fibromyalgia syndrome. Nurs Clin North Am . 1998;33:653–669.
Sunshine W, Field T, Quintino O, et al. Fibromyalgia benefits from massage therapy and transcutaneous electrical stimulation. J Clin Rheumatol. 1996;2:18–22.
Vickers A. Yes, but how do we know it's true? Knowledge claims in massage and aromatherapy. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery . 1997;3:63–65.
- Reviewer: Peter J. Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 05/2012 -
- Update Date: 05/07/2012 -