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- Recent illness or hospital care
- Frail health due to increased age
- Poorly working immune system due to:
- Medical treatment with an invasive device
- IV drug abuse
- Fever and chills
- Low temperature
- Paleness of skin color
- Changes in mental status
- Rapid breathing
- Increased heart rate
- Decreased urine
- Low blood pressure
- Problems with bleeding or clotting
- Several blood cultures to confirm the diagnosis of sepsis
- Urine and other blood tests to check for signs of infection
- Cultures of urine, sputum, stool, and other secretions to check for bacteria or other infectious agents
- X-rays—a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body
- CT scan—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body
- MRI scan—a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the body
- Other specialized tests depending on the source of the infection
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Society of Critical Care Medicine http://www.sccm.org
Communicable Disease Control Unit (Manitoba Health, Public Health Branch) http://www.gov.mb.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Bone RC. Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine. 1998 ed. St. Louis, MO:Mosby-Year Book, Inc.;1998.
Cecil RL, Goldman L, et al. Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA:WB Saunders Company;2000.
Conn HF, Rakel R. Conn's Current Therapy 2001. 53rd ed. Philadelphia, PA:WB Saunders Company;2001.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York, NY:McGraw Hill;2008.
Mandell GL, Douglas RG, et al. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA:Churchill Livingstone, Inc.;2000.
Neonatal sepsis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com. Updated September 7, 2012. Accessed October 12, 2012.
Sepsis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com. Updated October 8, 2012. Accessed October 12, 2012.
Sepsis in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com. Updated February 9, 2012. Accessed October 12, 2012.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/31/2012 -